Types of Wood

Ecolog trades native Amazonian wood extracted according to a sustainable forest management plan. Among the species traded by Ecolog are:


Angelim Amargoso
Angelim Amargoso

Angelim Amargoso

Vatairea spp.

General Characteristics:
Heartwood olive brown, when freshly cut, turns reddish brown with brownish yellow stripes.

Workability: moderately good to work in the mecanic process, but raised grain in planning are common.

Uses: civil construction, paneling, flooring, cabinet making, railroad crossiities and others.

Angelim Pedra
Angelim Pedra

Angelim Pedra

Hymenolobium spp.

General Characteristics:
Heartwood light yellowish brown, distinct from the pale brown sapwood. Accentuated fibrous aspect.

Workability: easy to work. Regular to good finishing when planed, turned or bored.

Uses: civil construction, furniture and others.

Angelim Vermelho
Angelim Vermelho

Angelim Vermelho

Dinizia excelsa

General Characteristics:
Heartwood light reddish brown, slightly distinct from the reddish gray sapwood. Distinct growth rings, grain interlocked, texture medium, luster medium and disagreeable odor.

Uses: Civil construction such as carpentry, cabinet work, beams, veneers, poles and posts, hardwood floors, doors and windows, naval construction, wagons. The tree is impressive and extremely decorative. It can also be used in squares and gardens.

CambarŠ
CambarŠ

CambarŠ

Erisma Uncinatum

General Characteristics:
Heartwood yellowish brown, with pale characteristics when freshly cut.

Workability: moderately heavy, smooth and easy to work, medium texture, low mecanical resistence.

Uses: The wood is only used locally for the construction of canoes, boxes, toys, etc. 

Catuaba
Catuaba

Catuaba

Thyrsodium schomburkianum

General Characteristics:
It is a small and vigorous tree, which produces yellow and orange flowers, small oval fruits, yellowish and not edible. Grows in the north of Brazil in the Amazon forest. The Catuaba has a long history of natural medicine usage.

Workability: moderately good to work in the mecanic process, but raised grain in planning are common.

Uses: civil construction, paneling, cabinet making, railroad crossiities and others.

Cedrinho
Cedrinho

Cedrinho

Erisma uncinatum Warm.

General Characteristics:
Heartwood light reddish brown distinct from the light gray to light grayish brown sapwood. Distinct growth rings, grain straight to interlocked, texture medium, luster lacking and not distinctive color.

Uses: Civil and naval constructions, boats, furniture, framing, paneling, boxes and crates, furniture components and others.

Cumaru Ferro
Cumaru Ferro

Cumaru Ferro

Dipteryx odorata

General Characteristics:
Species with wide distribution in all Brazil, more common in the Amazon region, including countries bordering Brazil.

Very heavy wood, yellowish brown heartwood distinct from very pale sapwood. Distinct growth rings, grain interlocked, texture medium to fine, luster lacking and not distinctive color.

Exterior and interior construction, flooring, sliced veneers framing, turnery, tool handles, posts and poles.

Garapeira
Garapeira

Garapeira

Apuleia Ieiocarpa

General Characteristics:
Present in the Amazon, mainly in the State of Pará.

Heavy heartwood, yellowish beige, distinct from the yellowish sapwood. Its color darkens with time, adding brownish tones. It is used in exterior structures, posts, beams, veneers, beers barrels and tool handles.

Guariuba
Guariuba

Guariuba

Clarisia racemosa

General Characteristics:
It is found in the forest and small elevations mainly in the states of Pará and Amapá and in the region of the Guyanas.

Heartwood yellow when freshly cut, darkening to yellowish brown, distinct from the white sapwood. Radial figure with irregular stripes caused by grain. Medium texture, luster moderate and not distinctive odor and taste.

Uses: Civil and naval construction, carpentry, beams and lining, framing.

IpÍ
IpÍ

IpÍ

Tavebuia spp.

General Characteristics:
Olive to dark live heartwood, generally uniform, sometimes greenish due to lapachof, distinct from the pale yellow sapwood. Medium texture, luster moderate or lacking, depending on the species, distinctive odor and indistinctive taste.

Uses: Interior constructions, musical instruments, doors, framing and windows.

IpÍ Amarelo
IpÍ Amarelo

IpÍ Amarelo

Tabebuia chrysotricha

General Characteristics:
Olive-dark-yellow heartwood or olive-dark-yellowish, generally uniform, sometimes with green reflexes due to the presence of lapachof substance, distinct from the pale yellow sapwood. Medium texture, luster moderate or lacking, depending on the species, distinctive odor and indistinctive taste. Regular plane work, good for sanding and excellent for turning and drilling. 

Uses: Interior constructions, musical instruments, doors, frames, windows and others..

JatobŠ
JatobŠ

JatobŠ

Hymenaea courbaril

General Characteristics:
Wood species found at the edges of rivers in the states of Mato Grosso, Amazonas, Pará, Pernambuco, Bahia, Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, Acre, Rondônia, Roraima e Amapá.

Very heavy wood, reddish brown with dark streaks, sharply demarcated from the pale brown sapwood.

Uses: Civil construction, farming materials, truck and car bodies, crafts.

Maracatiara
Maracatiara

Maracatiara

Astronium lecointei Ducke

General Characteristics:
Wood found in the primary forests of the Northern region of Brazil, mainly in the Pará, Amazônia and Roraima. Very heavy wood, reddish, with long dark streaks that form figures.

Uses: crafts, carpentry, floors, furniture, stairways and shades.

Massaranduba
Massaranduba

Massaranduba

Manilkara spp.

General Characteristics:
Distributed in the northern part of Brazil, more frequent in the stares of Pará, Roraima, Rondônia and Amazonas.

Heavy wood, auburn beige used in particular types of furniture.

Piqui
Piqui

Piqui

Caryocar villosum

General Characteristics:
It is found in theAmazon region, in firm land. Heavy wood, heartwood is grayish pale. Rough texture with grains interlocked.

Uses: exterior constructions, posts, beams, frames, beer and wine barrels, floors.

Roxinho
Roxinho

Roxinho

Peltogyne spp.

General Characteristics:
Heartwood dark brown when freshly cut, becoming deep purple to purplish violet, clearly distinct from the narrow light yellow to very pale brown sapwood. Texture is medium to fine. Luster moderate to high.

Uses: Fine cabinetwork, railroad crossties, civil and naval construction, sculptures, flooring, and turnery.

Sucupira
Sucupira

Sucupira

Bowdichia nitida

General Characteristics:
Heartwood chocolate brown when freshly cut, becoming dark brown after drying. Light brown narrow stripes, with fibrous aspect. Sapwood narrow grayish, clearly distinct from the heartwood. Texture medium to coarse, luster moderate.

Uses:
furniture, sliced veneers, framing, flooring, beams, crosspieces, railroad crossties, bridges.

Tamarindo
Tamarindo

Tamarindo

Tamarindus indica L.

General Characteristics:
Fruit tree that can grow as tall as 25 meters high. The trunk opens to numerous curved branches that form a dense top; leaves are composed and sensitive to temperature changes; hermaphrodite yellow reddish flowers.

The fruit is used in sweets, cakes, ice creams, drinks, liquors, and refreshments, and also as condiment for rice, meat, fish and other food. The seeds are used for domestic animals; when processed they are also used as stabilizers in industrialized food, such as juices.

Tauari Branco
Tauari Branco

Tauari Branco

Couratari spp.

General Characteristics:
Indistinct heartwood and sapwood yellowish white to light yellowish brown. Slightly distinct growth rings, grain straight, texture medium, luster moderate.

Uses:
civil and naval construction. Furniture, decorative products, households utensils, toys, musical instruments, boxes, cabinet work, plywood. 

Tauari vermelho
Tauari vermelho

Tauari vermelho

Couratari spp.

General Characteristics:
Indistinct heartwood and sapwood yellowish white to light yellowish brown. Slightly distinct growth rings, grain straight, texture medium, luster moderate. Slight odor and slight bitter taste.

Uses: civil and naval construction. Furniture, decorative products, households utensils, toys, musical instruments, boxes, curved pieces, sliced veneers, crates, cabinet work, plywood, carpentry.

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